Validación de un Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito

Gabriel Dorantes Argandar


Anualmente fallecen más de 20 mil personas en accidentes viales. (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Asimismo, otras 700 mil sufren daños que requieren de hospitalización, así como 40 mil personas  sufren lesiones que terminan en algún tipo de discapacidad (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Sin embargo, estos números rápidamente van en aumento año tras año (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Una de las causas principales de la accidentalidad es la agresividad vial. Para este estudio, la agresividad vial se define en términos de poca consideración, conducción de riesgo y manifestación de frustración/enfado. Para ello, este estudio estableció como objetivo principal el construir el Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito que midiera el constructo. Se planteó la siguiente pregunta de investigación: ¿Es válido y fiable el inventario generado? Esta investigación fue una validación local en Cuernavaca, Morelos, con 2454 participantes. Se hicieron tres estudios. El primero encontró que hubo más ítems generados en manifestación de frustración/enfado que para poca consideración y conducción de riesgo. El segundo estudio encontró una alta validez de constructo y aceptable consistencia interna. El tercer estudio encontró una alta validez de constructo y buena consistencia interna. Sin embargo, no se evaluaron la validez de contenido, convergente ni divergente. Se concluye que el Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos es un instrumento válido pero requiere de estudios adicionales para evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas en una muestra representativa.

Palabras clave

agresividad vial, Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito, poca consideración, conducción de riesgo, manifestación de frustración/enfado

Texto completo:



Abdu, R., Shinar, D., & Meiran, N. (2012). Situational (state) anger and driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 15(5), 575–580.

Al Reesi, H., Al Maniri, A., Plankermann, K., Al Hinai, M., Al Adawi, S., Davey, J., &Freeman, J. (2013). Risky driving behavior among university students and staff in the Sultanate of Oman. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 58, 1–9.

Amado, S., Arıkan, E., Kaça, G., Koyuncu, M., & Turkan, B. N. (2014). How accurately do drivers evaluate their own driving behavior? An on-road observational study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 63, 65–73.

Arnau-Sabatés, L., Sala-Roca, J., & Jariot-Garcia, M. (2012). Emotional abilities as predictors of risky driving behavior among a cohort of middle aged drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention (Vol. 45).

Awopetu Ronke, G., & Igbo Happiness, I. (2015). An Assessment of Aggressive Behaviour between Prison Inmates and Non-prison Inmates in Makurdi Metropolis, Nigeria. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 190, 502–509.

Ba, Y., Zhang, W., Salvendy, G., Cheng, A. S. K., & Ventsislavova, P. (2016). Assessments of risky driving: A Go/No-Go simulator driving task to evaluate risky decision-making and associated behavioral patterns. Applied Ergonomics, 52, 265–274.

Bachoo, S., Bhagwanjee, A., & Govender, K. (2013). The influence of anger, impulsivity, sensation seeking and driver attitudes on risky driving behaviour among post-graduate university students in Durban, South Africa. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 55, 67–76.

Bailey, S., Lennon, A., & Watson, B. (2016). Getting mad may not mean getting even: The influence of drivers’ ethical ideologies on driving anger and related behaviour. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 36, 104–116.

Baker, A. S., Litwack, S. D., Clapp, J. D., Gayle Beck, J., & Sloan, D. M. (2014). The Driving Behavior Survey as a Measure of Behavioral Stress Responses to MVA-Related PTSD. Behavior Therapy.

Balogun, S. K., Shenge, N. A., & Oladipo, S. E. (2012). Psychosocial factors influencing aggressive driving among commercial and private automobile drivers in Lagos metropolis. The Social Science Journal, 49(1), 83–89.

Bassett, J. F., Cate, K. L., & Dabbs, J. M. J. (2002). Individual differences in self-presentation style: Driving an automobile and meeting a stranger. Self and Identity, 1(3), 281–288.

Battistich, V., & Hom, A. (1997). The Relationship between Sutdents’ Sense of Their School as a Community and Their Involvement in Problem Behaviors. American Journal of Public Health, 87(12), 1997–2001.

Beanland, V., Sellbom, M., & Johnson, A. K. (2014). Personality domains and traits that predict self-reported aberrant driving behaviours in a southeastern US university sample. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 72, 184–192.

Beck, K. H., Ali, B., & Daughters, S. B. (2014). Distress Tolerance as a Predictor of Risky and Aggressive Driving. Traffic Injury Prevention, 15(4).

Beck, K. H., Daughters, S. B., & Ali, B. (2013). Hurried driving: Relationship to distress tolerance, driver anger, aggressive and risky driving in college students. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 51, 51–55.

Beck, K. H., Wang, M. Q., & Mitchell, M. M. (2006). Concerns, dispositions and behaviors of aggressive drivers: What do self-identified aggressive drivers believe about traffic safety? Journal of Safety Research, 37(2), 159–165.

Beck, K. H., & Watters, S. (2016). Characteristics of college students who text while driving: Do their perceptions of a significant other influence their decisions? Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 37, 119–128.

Bener, A., Özkan, T., & Lajunen, T. (2008). The Driver Behaviour Questionnaire in Arab Gulf countries: Qatar and United Arab Emirates. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40(4), 1411–1417.

Berdoulat, E., Vavassori, D., & Sastre, M. T. M. (2013). Driving anger, emotional and instrumental aggressiveness, and impulsiveness in the prediction of aggressive and transgressive driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 50, 758–767.

Björklund, G. M. (2008). Driver irritation and aggressive behaviour. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40(3), 1069–1077.

Blankenship, K. L., & Nesbit, S. M. (2013). Driving stimuli increases accessibility of aggression-related concepts in “angry” drivers. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(2), 135–140.

Bonus, J. A., Peebles, A., & Riddle, K. (2015). The influence of violent video game enjoyment on hostile attributions. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 472–483.

Brewer, A. M. (2000). Road rage: What, who, when, where and how? Transport Reviews, 20(1).

Britt, T. W., & Garrity, M. J. (2006). Attributions and personality as predictors of the road rage response. The British Journal of Social Psychology / the British Psychological Society, 45(Pt 1), 127–147.

Castellani, V., Pastorelli, C., Eisenberg, N., Caffo, E., Forresi, B., & Gerbino, M. (2014). The development of perceived maternal hostile, aggressive conflict from adolescence to early adulthood: Antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Adolescence, 37(8), 1517–1527.

Cattell, R. B. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1(2), 11–21.

Cervantes-Trejo, A. (2009). Choques dejan heridos fuera de registro oficial. El Universal. Available online: Access: 29-06-2015.

Clapp, J. D., Baker, A. S., Litwack, S. D., Sloan, D. M., & Beck, J. G. (2014). Properties of the Driving Behavior Survey among individuals with motor vehicle accident-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(1), 1–7.

Clapp, J. D., Olsen, S. A., Beck, J. G., Palyo, S. A., Grant, D. M., Gudmundsdottir, B., & Marques, L. (2011). The Driving Behavior Survey: Scale construction and validation. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25(1), 96–105.

Cohen, R. J., & Swerdlik, M. E. (2010). Psychological Testing and Assessment: an Introduction to Tests and Measurement. USA: McGraw-Hill.

Constantinou, E., Panayiotou, G., Konstantinou, N., Loutsiou-Ladd, A., & Kapardis, A. (2011). Risky and aggressive driving in young adults: Personality matters. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43(4), 1323–1331.

Cuevas Colunga, A. C., Villegas Villegas, N., Mayoral Grajeda, E. F., & Mendoza Díaz, A. (2014). Anuario estadístico de accidentes en carreteras federales (2012), (57), 98. Retrieved from Anuario accidentes 2012.pdf

Deffenbacher, J. L. (2011). Cognitive-Behavioral Conceptualization and Treatment of Anger. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 18(2), 212–221.

Deffenbacher, J. L. (2016). A review of interventions for the reduction of driving anger. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Deffenbacher, D. M., Lynch, R. S., & Richards, T. L. (2003). Anger, aggression, and risky behavior: a comparison of high and low anger drivers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(6), 701–718.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Lynch, R. S., Filetti, L. B., Dahlen, E. R., & Oetting, E. R. (2003). Anger, aggression, risky behavior, and crash-related outcomes in three groups of drivers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(3), 333–349.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Lynch, R. S., Oetting, E. R., & Swaim, R. C. (2002). The Driving Anger Expression Inventory: a measure of how people express their anger on the road. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(6), 717–737.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Oetting, E. R., Lynch, R. S., & Morris, C. D. (1996). The expression of anger and its consequences. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 34(7), 575–590.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Petrilli, R. T., Lynch, R. S., Oetting, E. R., & Swaim, R. C. (2003). The driver’s angry thoughts questionnaire: A measure of angry cognitions when driving. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27(4), 383–402.

Dorantes-Argandar, G., Cerda-Macedo, E. A., Tortosa-Gil, F., & Ferrero Berlanga, J. (2015a). Accidentalidad de automóviles de uso particular en méxico: influencia del estrés y la agresividad. Psiencia Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencia Psicologica, (7), 418–427.

Dorantes-Argandar, G., Cerda-Macedo, E. A., Tortosa-Gil, F., & Ferrero Berlanga, J. (2015b). Agresividad vial como predictor del estrés y del comportamiento prosocial, y su influencia en la siniestralidad de vehículos particulares en méxico. Ansiedad Y Estrés, 21(3), 207–217.

Dorantes-Argandar, G., & Ferrero-Berlanga, J. (2017). Impulsivity and Aggressive Driving as mediators between Self-Esteem and Stress in Mexican drivers. Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Science, 4(2), 17–29.

Dorantes-Argandar, G., Tortosa-Gil, F., & Ferrero-Berlanga, J. (2016). Measuring situations that stress Mexicans while driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 37, 154–161.

Dula, C. S., & Geller, E. S. (2003). Risky, aggressive, or emotional driving: Addressing the need for consistent communication in research. Journal of Safety Research, 34(5), 559–566.

Fruhen, L. S., & Flin, R. (2015). Car driver attitudes, perceptions of social norms and aggressive driving behaviour towards cyclists. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 83, 162–170.

Ge, Y., Qu, W., Zhang, Q., Zhao, W., & Zhang, K. (2015). Psychometric adaptation of the driving anger expression inventory in a Chinese sample. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 33, 75–86.

Gidron, Y., Gaygısız, E., & Lajunen, T. (2014). Hostility, driving anger, and dangerous driving: The emerging role of hemispheric preference. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 73, 236–241.

Gras, M.-E., Font-Mayolas, S., Patiño, J., Baltasar, A., Planes, M., & Sullman, M. J. M. (2015). Resilience and the expression of driving anger. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour.

Hamdar, S. H., Qin, L., & Talebpour, A. (2016). Weather and road geometry impact on longitudinal driving behavior: Exploratory analysis using an empirically supported acceleration modeling framework. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 67, 193–213.

Harris, P. B., Houston, J. M., Vazquez, J. A., Smither, J. A., Harms, A., Dahlke, J. A., & Sachau, D. A. (2014). The Prosocial and Aggressive Driving Inventory (PADI): A self-report measure of safe and unsafe driving behaviors. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 72, 1–8.

Helfritz-Sinville, L. E., & Stanford, M. S. (2014). Hostile attribution bias in impulsive and premeditated aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 56(1), 45–50.

Hennessy, D. a., & Wiesenthal, D. I. (2002). Aggression, violence, and vengence among male and female drivers. Transportant Quarterly. Retrieved from

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2011a). Psychometric adaptation of the driving anger expression inventory in a spanish sample: Differences by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 14, 324–329.

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2011b). Psychometric adaptation of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory in a Spanish sample: Differences by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 14(4), 324–329.

Hinojosa-Reyes, R., Jiménez-Sánchez, P. L., Hernández-Hernández, V., & Campos Alanís, J. (2012). SINIESTRALIDAD POR ACCIDENTES DE TRÁNSITO EN MÉXICO: UNA APROXIMACIÓN DESDE EL ANÁLISIS ESPACIAL. Geografía Y Sistemas de Información Geográfica, 4(4), 291–309.

Houstoa, J. M., Harris, P. B., & Norman, M. (2003). The Aggressive Driving Behavior Scale: Developing a Self-Report Measure of Unsafe Driving Practices. North American Journal of Psychology, 5(2), 269–279.

Hsieh, H.-F., Heinze, J. E., Aiyer, S. M., Stoddard, S. A., Wang, J.-L., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Cross-domain influences on youth risky driving behaviors: A developmental cascade analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 38, 11–21.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografía. (2010). Principales resultados del Censo de Población y Vivienda. Morelos. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía.

Kovácsová, N., Lajunen, T., & Rošková, E. (2016). Aggression on the road: Relationships between dysfunctional impulsivity, forgiveness, negative emotions, and aggressive driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 42, 286–298.

Kovácsová, N., Rošková, E., & Lajunen, T. (2014). Forgivingness, anger, and hostility in aggressive driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 62, 303–308.

Lajunen, T., & Parker, D. (2001). Are aggressive people aggressive drivers? A study of the relationship between self-reported general aggressiveness, driver anger and aggressive driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 33(2), 243–255.

Lawrence, C., & Hodgkins, E. (2009). Personality influences on interpretations of aggressive behavior: The role of provocation sensitivity and trait aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(3), 319–324.

Lazarus, R., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Behaviour Research and Therapy (Vol. 23). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Li, F., Yao, X., Jiang, L., & Li, Y. (2014). Driving anger in China: Psychometric properties of the Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and its relationship with aggressive driving. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 130–135.

Lima-Aranzaes, C. C., Juárez-García, A. & Arias-Galicia, F. (2012). Un estudio exploratorio sobre estresores laborales en conductores de transporte público colectivo en el estado de Morelos, México. En Arias Galicia, F. y Juárez García, A. (Eds.). Agotamiento profesional y estrés: Hallazgos desde México y otros países latinoamericanos. México: Miguel Ángel Porrúa.

Locke, K. D. (2009). Aggression, narcissism, self-esteem, and the attribution of desirable and humanizing traits to self versus others. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(1), 99–102.

Martins, N. (2013). Televised relational and physical aggression and children’s hostile intent attributions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116(4), 945–952.

Observatorio Nacional de Lesiones. (2013). Perfil Estatal Morelos. (Observatorio Nacional de Lesiones, Ed.). Retrieved from

Oviedo-Trespalacios, O., Haque, M. M., King, M., & Washington, S. (2016). Understanding the impacts of mobile phone distraction on driving performance: A systematic review. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 72, 360–380.

Özkan, T., Lajunen, T., Chliaoutakis, J. E., Parker, D., & Summala, H. (2006). Cross-cultural differences in driving skills: A comparison of six countries. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38(5), 1011–1018.

Parsian, N., & Dunning, T. (2009). Developing and validating a questionnaire to measure spirituality: A psychometric process. Global Journal of Health Science, 1(1), 2–11.

Pawliczek, C. M., Derntl, B., Kellermann, T., Gur, R. C., Schneider, F., & Habel, U. (2013). Anger under Control: Neural Correlates of Frustration as a Function of Trait Aggression. PLoS ONE, 8(10), 1–11.

Pearson, M. R., Murphy, E. M., & Doane, A. N. (2013). Impulsivity-like traits and risky driving behaviors among college students. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 53, 142–148.

Poó, F. M. (2014). Evaluación Multidimensional del Estilo de Conducción. Su Relación con Variables Psicológicas y Comprotamientos de Riesgo. Tesis Doctoral Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Argentina.

Poythress, N. G., & Hall, J. R. (2011). Psychopathy and impulsivity reconsidered. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16(2), 120–134.

Przepiorka, A. M., Blachnio, A., & Wiesenthal, D. L. (2014). The determinants of driving aggression among Polish drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 27, 69–80.

Richer, I., & Bergeron, J. (2012). Differentiating risky and aggressive driving: Further support of the internal validity of the Dula Dangerous Driving Index. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 45, 620–627.

Rodríguez, R. A., Virguez, E. A., Rodríguez, P. A., & Behrentz, E. (2016). Influence of driving patterns on vehicle emissions: A case study for Latin American cities. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 43, 192–206.

Rosenbloom, T., & Wultz, B. (2011). Thirty-day self-reported risky driving behaviors of ADHD and non-ADHD drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43(1), 128–133.

Sârbescu, P. (2012). Aggressive driving in Romania: Psychometric properties of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 15(5), 556–564.

Sârbescu, P., Stanojević, P., & Jovanović, D. (2014). A cross-cultural analysis of aggressive driving: Evidence from Serbia and Romania. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 24, 210–217.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Positive Psychology, Positive Prevention, and Positive Therapy. In C. R. Snyder & J. L. Shane (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology (1st ed., pp. 3–12). New York: Oxford University Press.

Shinar, D. (2007). Traffic Safety and Human Behavior (1st ed.). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Smith, P., Waterman, M., & Ward, N. (2006). Driving aggression in forensic and non-forensic populations: relationships to self-reported levels of aggression, anger and impulsivity. Bri J Psychol, 97(Pt 3), 387–403.

Stephens, A. N., & Groeger, J. A. (2009). Situational specificity of trait influences on drivers’ evaluations and driving behaviour. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 12(1), 29–39.

Stephens, A. N., Hill, T., & Sullman, M. J. M. (2016). Driving anger in Ukraine: Appraisals, not trait driving anger, predict anger intensity while driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 88, 20–28.

Stephens, A. N., & Sullman, M. J. M. (2014). Development of a short form of the driving anger expression inventory. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 72, 169–176.

Strandell, J. (2016). Culture, cognition and behavior in the pursuit of self-esteem. Poetics, 54, 14–24.

Sullman, M. J. M., & Stephens, A. N. (2013). A comparison of the Driving Anger Scale and the Propensity for Angry Driving Scale. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 58, 88–96.

Sullman, M. J. M., Stephens, A. N., & Yong, M. (2014). Driving anger in Malaysia. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 71, 1–9.

Taubman - Ben-Ari, O., & Skvirsky, V. (2016). The multidimensional driving style inventory a decade later: Review of the literature and re-evaluation of the scale. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 93, 179–188.

Treviño-Siller, S., Híjar, M. & Mora, G. (2011). Priorisation of road traffic injury interventions: results of a participative research with stakeholders in México. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. 18(3), 219-225.

Vanlaar, W., Simpson, H., Mayhew, D., & Robertson, R. (2008). Aggressive driving: A survey of attitudes, opinions and behaviors. Journal of Safety Research, 39(4), 375–381.

Vera-Jiménez, J. A., Ávila-Guerrero, M. E., & Dorantes-Argandar, G. (2014). Manual de evaluación de la victimización y percepción de la violencia, delincuencia, e inseguridad y la confianza en las instituciones (1st ed.). Cuernavaca: Editorial UAEM. Retrieved from

Villieux, A., & Delhomme, P. (2010). Driving anger and its expressions: Further evidence of validity and reliability for the Driving Anger Expression Inventory French adaptation. Journal of Safety Research, 41(5), 417–422.

Walitzer, K. S., Deffenbacher, J. L., & Shyhalla, K. (2015). Alcohol-Adapted Anger Management Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Innovative Therapy for Alcohol Dependence. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 59, 83–93.

Werner, N. E. (2012). Do hostile attribution biases in children and parents predict relationally aggressive behavior? The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 173(3), 221–45.

Willemsen, J., Dula, C. S., Declercq, F., & Verhaeghe, P. (2008). The Dula Dangerous Driving Index: An investigation of reliability and validity across cultures. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40(2), 798–806.

Wu, L. Z., Zhang, H., Chiu, R. K., Kwan, H. K., & He, X. (2014). Hostile Attribution Bias and Negative Reciprocity Beliefs Exacerbate Incivility’s Effects on Interpersonal Deviance. Journal of Business Ethics, 120(2), 189–199.

Zhang, T., Chan, A. H. S., & Zhang, W. (2015). Dimensions of driving anger and their relationships with aberrant driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 81, 124–133.

Zillmann, D., & Weaver, J. B. (2007). Aggressive personality traits in the effects of violent imagery on unprovoked impulsive aggression. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(4), 753–771.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Copyright (c) 2018 Gabriel Dorantes Argandar

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.
Este sitio usa cookies para ofrecer una mejor experiencia de navegación. Haciendo clic en CERRAR, usted estará de acuerdo con el uso de cookies