Validación de un Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito

Gabriel Dorantes Argandar


Anualmente fallecen más de 20 mil personas en accidentes viales. (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Asimismo, otras 700 mil sufren daños que requieren de hospitalización, así como 40 mil personas  sufren lesiones que terminan en algún tipo de discapacidad (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Sin embargo, estos números rápidamente van en aumento año tras año (Cervantes-Trejo, 2009). Una de las causas principales de la accidentalidad es la agresividad vial. Para este estudio, la agresividad vial se define en términos de poca consideración, conducción de riesgo y manifestación de frustración/enfado. Para ello, este estudio estableció como objetivo principal el construir el Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito que midiera el constructo. Se planteó la siguiente pregunta de investigación: ¿Es válido y fiable el inventario generado? Esta investigación fue una validación local en Cuernavaca, Morelos, con 2454 participantes. Se hicieron tres estudios. El primero encontró que hubo más ítems generados en manifestación de frustración/enfado que para poca consideración y conducción de riesgo. El segundo estudio encontró una alta validez de constructo y aceptable consistencia interna. El tercer estudio encontró una alta validez de constructo y buena consistencia interna. Sin embargo, no se evaluaron la validez de contenido, convergente ni divergente. Se concluye que el Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos es un instrumento válido pero requiere de estudios adicionales para evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas en una muestra representativa.

Palabras clave

agresividad vial, Inventario de Comportamientos Agresivos en el Tránsito, poca consideración, conducción de riesgo, manifestación de frustración/enfado

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